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Admiring the Problem of Electric Grid Security – Michael Mabee

Global news BCyber todayFebruary 5, 2020 39

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Senator Johnson: “It is way past time to stop admiring the problem.”

Almost a year ago, Senator Ron Johnson, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, held a hearing entitled: “Perspectives on Protecting the Electric Grid from an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) or Geomagnetic Disturbance (GMD).”. Senator Johnson’s viewpoint is clear:

We have known about the existential threat posed by electromagnetic pulses (EMP) and geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) for decades. Because most people are either unaware of the danger, or view these as very low probability events, there has not been sufficient public pressure to take effective action to mitigate these threats. Instead, we establish commissions and study panels, conduct research, and develop plans to develop strategies. It is way past time to stop admiring the problem, and actually begin to do something concrete to protect our vulnerable electrical grid, control systems, and the ever-increasing array of electronic devices our society has become dependent upon.

According to Senator Johnson, the time for action is long overdue. I couldn’t agree more.

Why one citizen got involved in electric grid security

After going over 11 days without power after the 2011 Halloween nor’easter, I had a Forrest Gump moment. You see, I had also been in New York City during the Great Northeast Blackout of 2003 and had to get home to Long Island from Manhattan in what seemed like a post-apocalyptic world without power. A few years before that, I was working at World Trade Center on 9-11 when the largest terrorist attack on U.S. soil occurred.

This combination of events got me thinking. I had seen firsthand the vulnerability of our country to an attack. I was also coming to realize how fragile – and essential – our electric grid is to our very survival. It doesn’t take too much imagination to wonder what would happen if terrorists attacked the electric grid.

So I started to study the threats to the grid and what was being done. (Or more appropriately, what was not being done.) As I read more and more, I learned some very disturbing things. In addition to the obvious terrorist threat to the grid, I learned:

In summary: The electric grid – the largest machine in the history of mankind – could suffer a long-term, national-scale failure for any number of reasons caused by mankind or nature.

Most importantly, I learned that our government has known for decades about the threats to the electric grid. And our government has made pathetically little effort to protect us. What we have done is endlessly study after study, or as Senator Johnson noted, we continue “admiring the problem.”

Are we done admiring the problem of electric grid security?

I am. I decided to start doing something about it. First I wrote a book about what I had found and what people could do. Then I started taking action as a citizen to secure the grid. I have even filed a lawsuit against the federal government to attempt to force them to protect the grid. (See a partial list of what I have been doing HERE.)

Meanwhile, the electric utility industry is engaging in a Soviet-style disinformation campaign to downplay the threats to the grid. And if that isn’t bad enough, the electric utility industry has spent millions of dollars lobbying and making “contributions” to key Congressional committees who, not coincidentally, have failed to enact legislation to protect the grid. If you want to read about how badly the regulatory system has failed us, read my detailed report HERE.

The bottom line? Your family is in danger, and the government is not protecting you.

Take a moment to scroll through the below government documents on grid security that I have collected over the last several years. We have been admiring the problem of electric grid security for decades. If you don’t believe the government is doing enough to protect your family – and out national security, go to the Take Action page to see what you can do.

Government Documents Library

Date Type Citation
2020-01-03 State (VA) [Introduced] HB420 Department of Emergency Management; responsibilities of political subdivisions. (EMP, GMD). January 3, 2020. http://bit.ly/2QHycAS
2019-12-20 Law Public Law No. 116-92 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020. December 20, 2019. [See Section 1790 EMP GMD Research and Section 1720 National Guard Power Outage EMP Preparedness.] http://bit.ly/35TrC0H
2019-12-19 Cong H.R.5527 – 21st Century Power Grid Act. (116th Congress) December 19, 2019. http://bit.ly/2umcqeo
2019-12-13 Cong H.R.5428 – To amend the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and the Energy Policy Act of 2005 to direct Federal research on grid modernization and security, and for other purposes. http://bit.ly/34Gb0Ib
2019-12-12 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC) “Transforming the U.S. Cyber Threat Partnership Final Report.” December 12, 2019. http://bit.ly/35IhKqm
2019-12-12 State (MO) [Introduced] HB 1737 Establishes provisions to improve electricity resilience at critical facilities. December 12, 2019. http://bit.ly/37BhA4q
2019-12-09 Cong H. Rept. 116-333 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (116th Congress) December 9, 2019. http://bit.ly/2EO64Xc
2019-11-20 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Space Weather: An Overview of Policy and Select U.S. Government Roles and Responsibilities. (GMD) R46049. November 20, 2019. http://bit.ly/37u3GBt
2019-11-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE), Office of the Inspector General (OIG). Evaluation Report on “The Department of Energy’s Unclassified Cybersecurity Program – 2019” http://bit.ly/37ToCTs
2019-10-28 Cong H. Rept. 116-256 – Accompanies: H.R.360 Cyber Sense Act of 2019 (116th Congress) October 28, 2019. http://bit.ly/2sXHFMm
2019-09-26 Cong S.2556 – Protecting Resources On The Electric grid with Cybersecurity Technology Act of 2019. (116th Congress). http://bit.ly/2XO9GBr
2019-08-26 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Actions Needed to Address Significant Cybersecurity Risks Facing the Electric Grid. http://bit.ly/2rhzPwd
2019-08-23 Fed Electromagnetic Defense Task Force (EDTF) Review of EPRI EMP Report August 23, 2109. http://bit.ly/2OglqYI
2019-08-16 Cong S. Rept. 116-71 – Securing Energy Infrastructure Act (116th Congress) http://bit.ly/34oPxTP
2019-08-08 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). “Nuclear Supply Chain: NNSA Should Notify Congress of its Recommendations to Improve the Enhanced Procurement Authority,” August 8, 2019. http://bit.ly/2Q640PG
2019-08-01 Fed Electromagnetic Defense Task Force (EDTF) 2019 Report. [EMP] August 2019. http://bit.ly/2q950JX
2019-07-30 Cong S.2333 – Energy Cybersecurity Act of 2019. (116th Congress) July 30, 2019. http://bit.ly/36xsmsl
2019-07-17 Cong H.R.360 – Cyber Sense Act of 2019 (116th Congress) July 17, 2019. http://bit.ly/2ZmhxXz
2019-07-17 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 116-40 Subcommittee on Energy – The Future of Electricity Delivery: Modernizing and Securing Our Nation’s Electricity Grid. July 17, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QwsuBL
2019-06-11 Cong S. Rept. 116-48 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (S.1790) (116th Congress) June 11, 2019. http://bit.ly/2SkYSdc
2019-06-07 State (TX) [Enacted] SB 475 Relating to an advisory body on the security of the electric grid. Enacted June 7, 2019. http://bit.ly/2SRut6p
2019-05-16 State (ME) [Became Law] Sec. 1. 35-A MRSA §3144 “An Act To Increase the Safety of Maine Residents in Extended Power Outages.” May 16, 2019. http://bit.ly/2ZPSJYa
2019-05-15 Cong H.R.2741 – Leading Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s America Act. (116th Congress). http://bit.ly/2QJrITS
2019-05-15 Pres Executive Order 13873: Securing the Information and Communications Technology and Services Supply Chain. May 15, 2019. http://bit.ly/2TcYqOL
2019-05-02 Cong H.R.2500 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020. (116th Congress). http://bit.ly/37u1nio
2019-05-02 Cong H. Rept. 116-120 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020. (116th Congress). http://bit.ly/37w4WVu
2019-05-01 State (MT) [Passed] HJ 12 Study resolution on defense of state infrastructure. May 1, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QJxiDT
2019-04-25 State (TX) [Died in Committee] SB76 Relating to the security of the electric grid. [EMP] April 25, 2019. http://bit.ly/2sLLAfm
2019-04-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Modernizing the Power Grid and Understanding Potential Impacts from Solar Weather. (GMD). 2019 Space Weather Workshop. April 1, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QHCxnx
2019-03-27 State (KY) [Enacted] House Bill 393 An ACT relating to the Kentucky Office of Homeland Security. [EMP] March 27, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QqAcyG
2019-03-26 Pres Executive Order 13865. Coordinating National Resilience to Electromagnetic Pulses [EMP]. March 26, 2019. http://bit.ly/33VlpjM
2019-03-20 State (UT) [Passed by House and Senate] UT HJR014 Joint Resolution to Harden the Utah and United States Electrical Grids. March 20, 2019. http://bit.ly/2rU8mBn
2019-03-01 Pres National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan. March 2019. http://bit.ly/33Us5i3
2019-02-27 Cong S. Hrg. 116-78 Senate Hearing, Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. “Perspectives on Protecting the Electric Grid from an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) or Geomagnetic Disturbance (GMD).” February 27, 2019. http://bit.ly/2Ktg4Ix Testimony of Dr. George Baker http://bit.ly/2RUL88A Full Transcript: http://bit.ly/2RUL88A
2019-02-22 State (TX) [Introduced] Senate Bill No. 1003. Relating to promoting the resilience of the electric grid and certain municipalities. (EMP, GMD) February 22, 2019. http://bit.ly/35tNte8
2019-02-14 Cong Senate Hearing, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. “Hearing to Consider the Status and Outlook for Cybersecurity Efforts in the Energy Industry.” February 14, 2019. http://bit.ly/358p8dR
2019-02-05 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). National Coordinating Center for Communications (NCC). “Electromagnetic Pulse [EMP] Protection and Resilience Guidelines for Critical Infrastructure and Equipment” February 5, 2019. http://bit.ly/2KwMaDw
2019-02-05 State (MS) [Died in Committee] SB2775 An Act To Direct The Mississippi Public Service Commission To Study Potential Threats To Mississippi’s Electric Grid, Including The Threat Of Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks, And Propose Measures To Strengthen Its Security; And For Related Purposes. [EMP] February 5, 2019. http://bit.ly/39NYCtA
2019-02-04 State (OK) [Introduced] Senate Bill 331 Public health and safety; instructing State Hazard Mitigation Team to develop recommendations to prepare certain entities for the threat of an electromagnetic pulse attack. February 4, 2019. http://bit.ly/2sCUsEd
2019-01-29 Fed Coats, Daniel R. Director of National Intelligence (DNI) “Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community” Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. January 29, 2019. http://bit.ly/357Iakx
2019-01-24 State (CT) [Died in Committee] S.B. 467 To study the impact of an electromagnetic pulse on infrastructure in the state. [EMP] January 24, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QRt3GG
2019-01-24 State (HI) [Intoduced] HB856 Electric Grid Resiliency; Critical Infrastructure. January 24, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QrwZyQ
2019-01-24 State (HI) [Introduced] SB1159 Relating to Electric Grid Resiliency. January 24, 2019. http://bit.ly/2QT2zEx
2019-01-22 State (HI) [Introduced] HB436 Relating To Critical Infrastructure Resiliency. (Related to SB609.) January 22, 2019. http://bit.ly/2SZW8SP
2019-01-18 State (HI) [Intoduced] SB609 SD2 HD1 Critical Infrastructure Resiliency; Electric Grid; Homeland Security and Resiliency Council; Appropriation ($) Related Bill: HB436. January 18, 2019. http://bit.ly/2ZSPRto
2019-01-17 Cong S.174 – Securing Energy Infrastructure Act (116th Congress) http://bit.ly/38DhvPm
2019-01-09 Cong H. Rept. 116-303 – Pipeline and LNG Facility Cybersecurity Preparedness Act. (116th Congress) http://bit.ly/37FV2ka
2019-01-09 Cong H.R.370. Pipeline and LNG Facility Cybersecurity Preparedness Act. (116th Congress) http://bit.ly/2rnkRo9
2019-01-02 Cong House Report 115-1127. Legislative and Oversight Activities of the Committee on Homeland Security (115th Congress) January 2, 2019. http://bit.ly/354XsXa
2018-12-18 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Actions Needed to Address Significant Weaknesses in TSA’s Pipeline Security Program Management GAO-19-48. December 18, 2018. http://bit.ly/39nFXo0
2018-12-01 Fed U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO). “Critical Infrastructure Protection Protecting the Electric Grid from Geomagnetic Disturbances.” December 2018. http://bit.ly/2Xlzog8
2018-12-01 Pres The President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). “Surviving a Catastrophic Power Outage.” December 2018. http://bit.ly/35advDa
2018-11-20 State (TX) [Died in Committee] HB400 Relating to the security of the electric grid. November 20, 2018. http://bit.ly/39GQniC
2018-11-16 Law Public Law 115-278: Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018. November 16, 2018. http://bit.ly/2XjRqzk
2018-11-14 Fed National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC). NSTAC Report to the President on a Cybersecurity Moonshot. November 14, 2018. http://bit.ly/2Sf3Sjs
2018-11-01 Fed Electromagnetic Defense Task Force (EDTF) 2018 Report. [EMP] November 2018. http://bit.ly/354Xdve
2018-11-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Smart Grid System Report November 2018. http://bit.ly/2r5eTsk
2018-10-09 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). “Strategy for Protecting and Preparing the Homeland Against Threats of Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Geomagnetic Disturbances (GMD).” October 9, 2018. http://bit.ly/2NSpEH6
2018-09-26 State (MI) [Died in Committee] Senate Resolution 183. A resolution to memorialize the Michigan Public Service Commission and Michigan State Police to take steps to harden Michigan’s electric grid. September 26, 2018. http://bit.ly/36lWlDz
2018-09-11 State (CA) Cal. Gov. Code § 8570.6 Emergency Preparedness. Senate Bill No. 1076. Enacted September 11, 2018. http://bit.ly/2sNPyEj
2018-09-06 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Urgent Actions Are Needed to Address Cybersecurity Challenges Facing the Nation. GAO-18-622. September 6, 2018. http://bit.ly/2Q2Twlb
2018-09-04 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Electric Grid Cybersecurity. R45312. September 4, 2018. http://bit.ly/2SAkn9Z
2018-09-01 Pres National Cyber Strategy. September 2018. http://bit.ly/354X3UE
2018-08-31 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) The Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Survivability Policy. Number 3150.09 [EMP] April 8, 2015 Incorporating Change 2, August 31, 2018. http://bit.ly/2QL3eJk
2018-08-09 State (CA) Senate Joint Resolution No. 20. Relative to electricity. Electrical Grid. Enacted August 9, 2018. http://bit.ly/2MU41oT
2018-07-25 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Urgent Actions Are Needed to Address Cybersecurity Challenges Facing the Nation. GAO-18-645T. July 25, 2018. http://bit.ly/2MDIL6J
2018-07-10 Fed Director of National Intelligence (DNI). “Foreign Economic Espionage in Cyberspace.” 2018. http://bit.ly/2r4NHcP
2018-06-28 Cong H. RPT 115-795 to accompany H.R.5240 “Enhancing Grid Security through Public-Private Partnerships Act” (115th Congress) June 28, 2018. http://bit.ly/2QGz7BE
2018-05-22 Cong H.R.4120 – Grid Cybersecurity Research and Development Act. (115th Congress) May 22, 2018. http://bit.ly/2qbeULa
2018-05-08 Fed Joint Counterterrorism Assessment Team (JCAT). Complex Operating Environment-Electric Grid. NCTC 031114 ID 5-18. May 8, 2018. http://bit.ly/37y3hOd
2018-05-02 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Electric Reliability and Power System Resilience. IN10895. May 2, 2018. http://bit.ly/2ZB3n4J
2018-03-19 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Paul W. Parfomak. “NERC Standards for Bulk Power Physical Security: Is the Grid More Secure?” March 19, 2018. http://bit.ly/2Om2asW
2018-03-19 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). NERC Standards for Bulk Power Physical Security: Is the Grid More Secure? R45135. March 19, 2018. http://bit.ly/356U2D4
2018-03-10 State (FL) [Failed] Senate Bill 1852. Electromagnetic Pulse Preparedness. March 10, 2018. http://bit.ly/2sBWRyW
2018-03-09 Cong H.R.5240 – Enhancing Grid Security through Public-Private Partnerships Act (115th Congress) March 9, 2018. http://bit.ly/2PcgOok
2018-03-09 Cong H.R.5239 – Cyber Sense Act of 2018. (115th Congress) March 9, 2018. http://bit.ly/2Qy3iuN
2018-03-01 Cong S. HRG. 115-506 Senate Hearing, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. “Full Committee Hearing to Examine Cybersecurity in our Nation’s Critical Energy Infrastructure.” (115th Congress) March 1, 2018. http://bit.ly/35qtZrk Transcript
2018-03-01 State (MN) [Failed] Senate Bill 2840. Electrical grid vulnerability to solar storms study requirement and appropriation. March 1, 2018. http://bit.ly/39F4vJc
2018-02-28 State (MO) [Introduced] Senate Bill 1066. Modifies provisions relating to hardening of the electric grid against certain storms. February 28, 2018. http://bit.ly/35n2G08
2018-02-20 State (MN) [Failed] House Bill 2819. Electrical grid vulnerability to solar storms study required, and money appropriated. February 20, 2018. http://bit.ly/39FDcyv
2018-02-07 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). “Critical Infrastructure Protection: Electricity Suppliers Have Taken Actions to Address Electromagnetic Risks [EMP], and Additional Research Is Ongoing.” GAO-18-67: Published: Feb 7, 2018. http://bit.ly/2XmVcbt
2018-02-05 State (OK) [Died in Committee] House Bill 3365. An Act relating to state government; requiring contingency planning for electromagnetic pulses; imposing duties on state governmental entities; requiring contingency plan; specifying requirements of contingency plan; providing for codification; and providing an effective date. February 5, 2018. http://bit.ly/2MVUihT
2018-02-01 Pres Executive Office of the President. The Council of Economic Advisers. “The Cost of Malicious Cyber Activity to the U.S. Economy.” February 2018. http://bit.ly/33V4yxu
2018-02-01 State (CA) [Failed] Senate Bill 370. Energy: Solar Storms. February 1, 2018. http://bit.ly/2MQapxl
2018-01-24 Reg 18 C.F.R. §40: Emergency Preparedness and Operations Reliability Standards EOP-004-4 (Event Reporting). January 24, 2018. http://bit.ly/2QnXG7I
2018-01-23 Cong S. Hrg. 115-498 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. “Full Committee Hearing to Examine the Performance of the Electric Power System Under Certain Weather Conditions.” (115th Congress) January 23, 2018. http://bit.ly/356OBo0 Transcript http://bit.ly/2LYkHv8
2018-01-10 Reg 10 C.F.R. § 205.380 et seq. – U.S. Department of Energy. Internal Procedures for Issuance of a Grid Security Emergency Order http://bit.ly/37bGfgL
2018-01-09 State (NJ) [Introduced] S713 Directs BPU to establish microgrid program for State agencies and local government units. January 9, 2018. http://bit.ly/36INAna
2017-12-12 CR Congressional Record Volume 163 (July 12, 2017), Pages H5534, et seq. http://bit.ly/33X1f98
2017-12-12 Law Public Law 115-91: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018. December 12, 2017. December 12, 2017. [Note: Section 1691. Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States From Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attacks and Similar Events.] http://bit.ly/33X1d10
2017-12-01 Pres National Security Strategy. December 2017. http://bit.ly/2OhX6WB
2017-10-30 CR Congressional Record Volume 163 (October 30, 2017), Pages S6879, et seq. http://bit.ly/2CMvy6r
2017-10-17 Fed Department of Energy (DOE), Office of the Inspector General. Evaluation Report: DOE-OIG-18-06 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s (FERC) Unclassified Cybersecurity Program. October 27, 2017. http://bit.ly/2SGHlMB
2017-10-12 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 115-33 Homeland Security Committee. “Empty Threat or Serious Danger: Assessing North Korea’s Risk to the Homeland” (115th Congress) October 12,2017. http://bit.ly/35r36Uf Transcript http://bit.ly/2Q1713R
2017-10-12 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Statement for the Record of Dr. William R. Graham, Chairman, and Dr. Peter Vincent Pry, Chief of Staff. Before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security. October 12, 2017 http://bit.ly/2CSiU5W
2017-10-10 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) DoD Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Program. Number 3222.03 [EMP] August 25, 2014 Incorporating Change 2, October 10, 2017. http://bit.ly/2R918lC
2017-09-27 Cong H.R.3855 – Securing the Electric Grid to Protect Military Readiness Act of 2017. (115th Congress) September 27, 2017. http://bit.ly/32UCsAU
2017-09-12 Cong S.1800 – Securing the Electric Grid to Protect Military Readiness Act of 2017. (115th Congress) September 12, 2017. http://bit.ly/37fs1LG
2017-08-28 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems: DOE Programs. R44939. August 28, 2017. http://bit.ly/2SCCHiE
2017-08-15 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). “Securing Cyber Assets: Addressing Urgent Threats to Critical Infrastructure.” August 2017. http://bit.ly/2Q9T7fw
2017-08-09 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Section 2(e): Assessment of Electricity Disruption Incident Response Capabilities. August 9, 2017. http://bit.ly/2XlMgTp
2017-07-20 Cong Senate report 115-132 – Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018 (115th Congress) July 20, 2017 (see page 74 “Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration” which does not appear in the last verion of the bill S.1609). http://bit.ly/2XiRNKE
2017-07-18 Cong H.R.2810 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018. (115th Congress) July 18, 2017. http://bit.ly/37eYWzY [See section 1699B: “Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attacks and Events.”]
2017-07-10 Cong Senate Report 115-125 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (115th Congress) July 10, 2017. http://bit.ly/2NTyu7D
2017-07-06 Cong House Report 115-200 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (115th Congress) July 6, 2017. http://bit.ly/2NV9HA7
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Assessing the Threat from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Executive Report.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2qX65o6
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Life Without Electricity: Storm-Induced Blackouts and Implications for EMP Attack.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2NTtIqv
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Recommended E3 HEMP Heave Electric Field Waveform for the Critical Infrastructures.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/32QNBTC
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Risk-Based National Infrastructure Protection Priorities for EMP and Solar Storms.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2OhVNa9
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Examination of NERC GMD Standards and Validation of Ground Models and Geo-Electric Fields.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/32XCd8d
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Electric Reliability Standards for Solar Geomagnetic Disturbances.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2OjbRs3
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Dr. William R. Graham. “Chairman’s Report.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2XklKK8
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse Attack Scenarios and Combined-Arms Cyber Warfare.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2qXD5MY
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Political-Military Motives for Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/346CO8Y
2017-07-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Foreign Views of Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.” (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2KvAGA1
2017-06-22 Fed Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Reliability Technical Conference Transcript. Docket No. AD17-8-000. June 22, 2017. http://bit.ly/2NeVvBi
2017-06-22 Fed Testimony of Thomas Popik before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Reliability Technical Conference. Docket No. AD17-8-000. June 22, 2017. http://bit.ly/2TpBID9
2017-06-22 Fed Testimony of George Baker, EMP Commission, before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Reliability Technical Conference. Docket No. AD17-8-000. June 22, 2017. http://bit.ly/35GLkeT
2017-06-19 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Cyber Threat and Vulnerability Analysis of the U.S. Electric Sector. June 19, 2017. http://bit.ly/2MR6Siw
2017-06-17 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Space Weather Impacts and Potential Mitigation and Protection for the Electric Grid. June 27, 2017. http://bit.ly/2FjDpJM
2017-06-01 Fed Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The Power Outage Incident Annex: Managing the Cascading Impacts from a Long-Term Power Outage (POIA). June 2017. http://bit.ly/2poinW4
2017-05-20 State (MN) [Failed] House Bill 2695. Electric grid vulnerability to solar storms study required, and money appropriated. May 20. 2017. http://bit.ly/37D0gwd
2017-05-17 Cong H.R.2479 – Leading Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s America Act (115th Congress) May 17, 2017. http://bit.ly/2Ktfwm6
2017-05-16 State (ME) [Died Via Governor Veto] House Bill 529. “An Act To Ensure Resiliency of the Maine Electrical Grid.” May 16, 2017. http://bit.ly/2QMK6cP
2017-05-11 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Selected Homeland Security Issues in the 115th Congress. R44847. May 11, 2017. http://bit.ly/37g9fmP
2017-05-11 Pres Executive Order 13800 “Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure.” May 11, 2017. http://bit.ly/37diCV6
2017-05-04 Cong S. Hrg. 115-284 Hearing to examine the threat posed by electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and policy options to protect energy infrastructure and to improve capabilities for adequate system restoration. Webcast. (115th Congress) May 4, 2017. http://bit.ly/2Q7JY91
2017-05-04 Cong Testimony of Cheryl LaFleur Acting Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States Senate May 4, 2017. http://bit.ly/2qbO7yi
2017-05-04 Cong S. Hrg. 115-284 The Threat Posed by Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Policy Options to Protect Energy Infrastructure and To Improve Capabilities for Adequate System Restoration. May 4, 2017. Transcript http://bit.ly/33Uzspv
2017-05-01 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Future Focus Study: Strengthening the NIAC Study Process. May 2017. http://bit.ly/2PGVI1t
2017-04-20 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Letter from Dr. William R. Graham, Chairman, to Secretary of Energy Rick Perry. April 20, 2017. http://bit.ly/2plQBJM
2017-03-28 Cong Senate Report 115-12. Activities of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (115th Congress) March 28, 2017. http://bit.ly/2Of5PZC
2017-03-16 State (ND) [Passed – Filed With Secretary of State] House Concurrent Resolution 3010. A concurrent resolution recognizing the efforts undertaken and the continued need for the State of North Dakota and the entire United States to undertake responsible measures to harden our commercial electrical grid against multiple serious threats. March 16, 2017. http://bit.ly/35oxf5G
2017-03-01 State (PA) [Died in Committee] House Resolution 103. Urging the Congress of the United States to take action to provide for the security and resilience of the nation’s electric grid. March 1, 2017. http://bit.ly/2MY0ZAe
2017-02-23 State (VT) [Introduced] House Bill 431. An act relating to securing the safety of the electrical power grid from an electromagnetic pulse attack or severe solar storm. (EMP, GMD) February 23 2017. http://bit.ly/2QLZNB2
2017-02-07 Cong H.R.945 – Terrorism Prevention and Critical Infrastructure Protection Act of 2017. (115th Congress) February 7, 2017. http://bit.ly/355YS3V
2017-02-06 State (OK) [Died in Committee] Senate Bill 674. Public health and safety; instructing Hazard Mitigation Team to develop recommendations on EMP preparedness. February 6, 2017. http://bit.ly/35q0FAm
2017-02-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD), Defense Science Board. Final Report of the Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Cyber Deterrence. February 2017. http://bit.ly/2QpZIV5
2017-02-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Resilience Metrics for the Electric Power System: A Performance-Based Approach. February 2017. http://bit.ly/2QlZihY
2017-02-01 Fed USAF Air University. Michael B. Hughes, Maj, USAFR. Impact of EMP on Air Operations. February 2017. http://bit.ly/30bhG0o
2017-01-31 State (ME) [Failed] House Bill 255. An Act To Implement Electric Grid Reliability Recommendations. January 31, 2017. http://bit.ly/2ZT2Lb8
2017-01-25 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Electricity: Federal Efforts to Enhance Grid Resilience. January 25, 2017. http://bit.ly/37iZOmx
2017-01-10 Cong S.79 – Securing Energy Infrastructure Act (115th Congress) January 10, 2017. http://bit.ly/36CghBV
2017-01-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Resilience Action Plan. January 2017. http://bit.ly/2qURN7r
2017-01-01 Fed National Academies Press. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation’s Electricity System. 2017. http://bit.ly/2sIPeGQ
2017-01-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) Valuation of Energy Security for the United States. Report to Congress. [EMP] January 2017. http://bit.ly/37ZxiXr
2016-12-28 Pres Executive Order 13757: Taking Additional Steps to Address the National Emergency With Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities. December 28, 2016. http://bit.ly/2tDcNkB
2016-12-23 Law Public Law 114-328: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017. December 23, 2016. [Note: Section 1913. EMP and GMD Planning, Research and Development, and Protection and Preparedness.] http://bit.ly/2CS0YIq
2016-12-23 Law 6 U.S.C. §101 – Definitions [Note: Added definitions for “EMP” and “GMD”] http://bit.ly/358jXur
2016-12-23 Law 6 U.S.C. §121(d)(26)(A) – Information and Analysis and Infrastructure Protection http://bit.ly/2rMFydu
2016-12-23 Law 6 U.S.C. §195f – EMP and GMD mitigation research and development http://bit.ly/2XksUhA
2016-12-23 Law 6 U.S.C. §321P – National planning and education http://bit.ly/2NT1e01
2016-12-22 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Protection and Restoration Guidelines for Equipment and Facilities. December 22, 2016. http://bit.ly/2qb7N5p
2016-12-01 Fed Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity (CENC). Report on Securing and Growing the Digital Economy. December 2016. http://bit.ly/2PFK72U
2016-12-01 Pres Executive Office of the President. “National Electric Grid Security and Resilience Action Plan” December 2016. http://bit.ly/2CSfdx6
2016-12-01 Pres Executive Office of the President (Product of the Governments of the United States and Canada). “Joint United States – Canada Electric Grid Security and Resilience Strategy” December 2016. http://bit.ly/3587Nlm
2016-12-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). National Cyber Incident Response Plan. December 2016. http://bit.ly/2N3HEh2
2016-11-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Front-Line Resilience Perspectives: The Electric Grid. November 2016. http://bit.ly/2QEXu2q
2016-10-24 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). EMP/GMD Phase 0 Report: A Review of EMP Hazard Environments and Impacts. October 24, 2016. http://bit.ly/2NRANIi
2016-10-13 Pres Executive Order 13744 – Coordinating Efforts To Prepare the Nation for Space Weather Events. October 13, 2016. http://bit.ly/2qYShtn
2016-09-30 Reg 18 C.F.R. §40: Reliability Standard for Transmission System Planned Performance for Geomagnetic Disturbance Events TPL-007- 2 (Transmission System Planned Performance for Geomagnetic Disturbance Events). September 30, 2016. http://bit.ly/37bQT73
2016-09-08 Cong S.2012 – North American Energy Security and Infrastructure Act of 2016. (114th Congress) September 8, 2016. http://bit.ly/2OkDIrV
2016-08-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) “National Electricity Emergency Response Capabilities.” August 1, 2016. http://bit.ly/2PDvRqb
2016-07-26 Pres Presidential Policy Directive 41 “United States Cyber Incident Coordination.” July 26, 2016. http://bit.ly/37bVE0D
2016-07-26 Pres Annex to Presidential Policy Directive 41: Federal Government Coordination Architecture for Significant Cyber Incidents. July 26, 2016. http://bit.ly/35w0HqK
2016-07-22 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Energy Legislation: Comparable Provisions in S.2012 as Passed by the House and Senate. R44569. July 22, 2016. http://bit.ly/37pJzUZ
2016-07-12 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 114-81 Value of DHS’s Vulnerability Assessments in Protecting our Nation’s Critical Infrastructure. (114th Congress) July 12, 2016. http://bit.ly/2pq7Jyd
2016-07-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) & Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). “Joint Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Resilience Strategy.” July 2016. http://bit.ly/379aMfj
2016-07-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Joint Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Resilience Strategy. July 2016. http://bit.ly/379aMfj
2016-06-07 CR Congressional Record Volume 162 (June 7, 2016), Pages S3547, et seq. http://bit.ly/2CRYV7c
2016-06-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Electric Grid Security and Resilience – Establishing a Baseline for Adversarial Threats. June 2016. http://bit.ly/2FbtaHo
2016-05-25 CR Congressional Record Volume 162 (May 25, 2016), Pages H3117, et seq. http://bit.ly/2Kt93Yd
2016-05-18 Cong S. Hrg. 114-721 Assessing the Security of Critical Infrastructure: Threat, Vulnerabilities, and Solutions. Before the Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs. (114th Congress) May 18, 2016. http://bit.ly/2q259P9 Transcript http://bit.ly/2PoSYpC
2016-05-17 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 114-69 Oversight of Federal Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Risks [EMP]. (114th Congress) May 17, 2016. http://bit.ly/2KupeVe
2016-05-17 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Risks. GAO-16-641T: May 17, 2016. http://bit.ly/368mplB
2016-05-09 Cong S. Rpt. 114-250 Critical Infrastructure Protection Act of 2015, Report of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs United States Senate to Accompany S. 1846, (114th Congress) May 9, 2016. http://bit.ly/2CMEZCS
2016-05-06 Fed Testimony of Thomas S. Popik, Chairman, Foundation for Resilient Societies. Before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), May 6, 2016. http://bit.ly/2CW7DkN
2016-04-14 Cong House Hearing Serial Number 114-39 “Blackout! Are We Prepared to Manage the Aftermath of a Cyberattack or Other Failure of The Electrical Grid?” Before the Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings, and Emergency Management. (114th Congress) April 14, 2016. http://bit.ly/356HSdN
2016-04-14 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Blackout! Are We Prepared to Manage the Aftermath of a Cyber-Attack or Other Failure of the Electrical Grid? TE10008. April 14, 2016. http://bit.ly/39jsrlj
2016-04-13 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Fact Sheet: GPS Vulnerabilities for Critical Infrastructure. April 13, 2016. http://bit.ly/2Q6CUce
2016-03-01 Fed Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Transcript of Technical Conference on FERC Reliability Standard (Effects of Geomagnetic Disturbances on the Bulk Power System). March 1, 2016. http://bit.ly/2Qra9aI
2016-03-01 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Agencies Have Taken Actions to Address Electromagnetic Risks [EMP], but Opportunities Exist to Further Assess Risks and Strengthen Collaboration. GAO-16-243, March 2016. http://bit.ly/2Qx4JLk
2016-02-09 Pres Executive Order 13718: Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity. February 9, 2016. http://bit.ly/35zP4ig
2016-01-01 Fed U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Strategies, Protections, and Mitigations for the Electric Grid from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Effects. January 2016. http://bit.ly/2CRCNdi
2016-01-01 Fed Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI). Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Identifying and Mitigating Supply Chain Risks in the Electricity Infrastructure’s Production and Distribution Networks. 2016. http://bit.ly/2ZKLtNe
2015-12-04 Law Public Law 114-94: “Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act” or the “FAST Act.” December 4, 2015. [Note: Section 61003 adds a new section 215A, titled “Critical Electric Infrastructure Security,” to Part II of the Federal Power Act (FPA), codified at 16 U.S.C. 824o-1.] http://bit.ly/2qVYdDs
2015-12-04 Law 16 U.S.C. § 824o-1 – Critical electric infrastructure security http://bit.ly/2QpXR2p
2015-12-02 Cong H.R.8 North American Energy Security and Infrastructure Act of 2015. (114th Congress) December 2, 2015. http://bit.ly/2CSu6Q2
2015-12-02 Cong H. Amdt. 842 to H.R.8 North American Energy Security and Infrastructure Act of 2015. (114th Congress) December 2, 2015. http://bit.ly/2CSu6Q2
2015-12-02 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (December 2, 2015), Pages H8894, et seq. http://bit.ly/33UjeNl
2015-12-01 Cong House Report 114-359 Providing for Further Consideration of the Bill (H.R.8) to Modernize Energy Infrastructure. (114th Congress) December 1, 2015. http://bit.ly/2NUy5Sk
2015-12-01 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (December 1, 2015), Pages H8679, et seq. http://bit.ly/35dASvP
2015-12-01 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Clarifications on Executive Collaboration for the Nation’s Strategic Infrastructure: Responses to National Security Council Questions. December 1, 2015. http://bit.ly/2Q4D2aX
2015-12-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Fact Sheet: Resilient Electric Grid (REG) December 15, 2015. http://bit.ly/2MFLNaI
2015-12-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Framework for Modeling High-Impact, Low-Frequency Power Grid Events to Support Risk-Informed Decisions. (EMP, GMD) December 2015. http://bit.ly/2T0XEnV
2015-11-25 Law Public Law 114-92: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016. November 25, 2015. [Note: extended the EMP Commission until June 30, 2017.] http://bit.ly/35a8BGu
2015-11-16 Cong H.R.1073 Critical Infrastructure Protection Act. (114th Congress) November 16, 2015. http://bit.ly/2QB9p3d
2015-11-16 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (November 16, 2015), pages H8171, et seq. http://bit.ly/2OiDdPg
2015-11-15 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress GAO-16-79. November 19, 2015. http://bit.ly/2teDmwk
2015-11-05 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (November 5, 2015), Pages H7747, et seq. http://bit.ly/2QrTyUg
2015-11-04 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (November 4, 2015), Pages H7686, et seq. http://bit.ly/2Oj5sgv
2015-10-29 Pres National Space Weather Strategy. National Science and Technology Council. October 2015. http://bit.ly/2NVRPVu
2015-10-28 Pres National Space Weather Action Plan. National Science and Technology Council. October 2015. http://bit.ly/37femnR
2015-10-21 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION: Cybersecurity of the Nation’s Electricity Grid Requires Continued Attention. October 21, 2015. http://bit.ly/39kNp3p
2015-09-29 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (September 29, 2015), Pages. H6337, et seq. http://bit.ly/2NV2zUn
2015-09-11 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Quadrennial Technology Review 2015. Chapter 3: Enabling Modernization of the Electric Power System. Cyber and Physical Security. September 11, 2015. http://bit.ly/39zPYPd
2015-09-09 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (September 9, 2015), Pages S6478, et seq. http://bit.ly/2XmMx8X
2015-08-04 Cong House Report 114-240 – Critical Infrastructure Protection Act. (114th Congress) August 4, 2015. http://bit.ly/2OhMGq4
2015-08-04 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (August 4, 2015) Page S6300, et seq. http://bit.ly/2XmMqKz
2015-07-23 Cong S.1846 – Critical Infrastructure Protection Act of 2016. (114th Congress). http://bit.ly/342aGDl
2015-07-22 Cong S. Hrg. 114-483 – Protecting the Electric Grid from the Potential Threats of Solar Storms (GMD) and Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP). (114th Congress) July 22, 2015. http://bit.ly/2qY0ldS
2015-07-22 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (July 22, 2015), Pages S5473, et seq. http://bit.ly/2qmJm4N
2015-07-22 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Preliminary Observations on DHS Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Threats [EMP] to the Electric Grid, GAO-15-692T, July 22, 2015. http://bit.ly/2qo5oUK
2015-07-15 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Physical Security of the U.S. Power Grid: High-Voltage Transformer Substations. July 15, 2015. http://bit.ly/2KqikjS
2015-07-02 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Physical Security of the U.S. Power Grid: High-Voltage Transformer Substations. R43604. July 2, 2015. http://bit.ly/37kIwWg
2015-06-10 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (June 10, 2015), Pages H4040, et seq. http://bit.ly/2OlTu5Q
2015-06-10 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Cybersecurity Issues for the Bulk Power System. R43989. June 10, 2015. http://bit.ly/2Q7q5yA
2015-06-10 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation. RL30153. June 10, 2015. http://bit.ly/2Q7t4qM
2015-06-08 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (June 8, 2015), pages S3866, et seq. http://bit.ly/2XlEcSD
2015-06-01 Fed Naval Postgraduate School. David M. Garcia. Fighting in a Contested Space Environment: Training Marines for Operations with Degraded or Denied Space-Enabled Capabilities. [EMP, Starfish Prime] June 2015. http://bit.ly/35KvWhJ
2015-05-19 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Selected Issues in Homeland Security Policy for the 114th Congress. R44041. May 19, 2015. http://bit.ly/3687NTm
2015-05-14 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (May 14, 2015), pages H2999, et seq. http://bit.ly/2OnqudW
2015-05-14 CR Congressional Record Volume 161 (June 4, 2015), pages S3784, et seq. http://bit.ly/35acKKp
2015-05-13 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 114–42 “The EMP Threat: The State of Preparedness Against the Threat of an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Event.” Before the House Subcommittee on National Security; Oversight and Government Reform. (114th Congress) May 13, 2015. http://bit.ly/2rK7WNk
2015-05-08 Cong H.R.2244 – To establish a Strategic Transformer Reserve program, and for other purposes. (114th Congress) May 8, 2015. http://bit.ly/2NSg9Ys
2015-05-06 Cong S. 1221 – Bulk-Power System Reliability Impact Statement Act. (114th Congress) May 6, 2015. http://bit.ly/34kjNiZ
2015-04-30 Fed Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Letter to U.S. House of Representatives Peter J. Visclosky, April 30, 2015. http://bit.ly/37fdgIL
2015-04-23 Cong S.1068 – A bill to amend the Federal Power Act to protect the bulk-power system from cyber security threats. (114th Congress) April 23, 2015. http://bit.ly/2QeiHRU
2015-04-15 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Fact Sheet: Solar Storm Mitigation (GMD). April 15, 2015. http://bit.ly/2tk175R
2015-03-23 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Cybersecurity. IF10159. March 23, 2015. http://bit.ly/37nrDdB
2015-03-20 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Executive Collaboration for the Nation’s Strategic Infrastructure. March 20, 2015. http://bit.ly/2tDbTEE
2015-02-13 Pres Executive Order 13691: Promoting Private Sector Cybersecurity Information Sharing. February 13, 2015. http://bit.ly/2tDco1z
2015-02-01 Fed Interagency Security Committee. Presidential Policy Directive 21 Implementation: An Interagency Security Committee White Paper. February 2015. http://bit.ly/2QnmQn7
2015-02-01 State (CA) Califoirnia Public Utilities Commission (CPUC). Regulation of Physical Security for the Electric Distribution System. February 2015. http://bit.ly/2SQiaqY
2015-01-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Department of Energy (DOE). National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) Energy Sector-Specific Plan from 2015. http://bit.ly/39rFIZi
2014-12-19 Law Public Law No: 113-291. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015. December 19, 2014. See Sec. 1051 – Protection of top-tier defense-critical infrastructure from electromagnetic pulse (EMP). http://bit.ly/2E5s6UT
2014-12-18 Law Public Law No: 113-282 (S. 2519) National Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 (113th Congress) December 18, 2014. http://bit.ly/2LLpjol
2014-12-18 Law Public Law No: 113-274 (S. 1353) Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2014 (113th Congress) December 18, 2014. http://bit.ly/2RF0nT1
2014-12-10 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 10, 2014), pages H8951, et seq. http://bit.ly/32Ujb2K
2014-12-09 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 9, 2014), pages S6464, et seq. http://bit.ly/2r3k1Nb
2014-12-09 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 9, 2014), pages S6450, et seq. http://bit.ly/37bwwHh
2014-12-04 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 4, 2014), pages H8671, et seq. http://bit.ly/2qj9LAs
2014-12-04 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 4, 2014), pages H8385, et seq. http://bit.ly/2qXuycU
2014-12-02 Cong H.R.3410 – Critical Infrastructure Protection Act (113th Congress) http://bit.ly/2qDkTbO
2014-12-01 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (December 1, 2014), pages H8194, et seq. http://bit.ly/2Oj1cOb
2014-11-20 Cong House Hearing: “Cybersecurity threats: the way forward” Before the House Select Intelligence Committee. November 20, 2014. Video: https://cs.pn/2rTDG2V Transcript: http://bit.ly/2Ku3UiV
2014-09-30 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Considerations for a Power Transformer Emergency Spare Strategy for the Electric Utility Industry RecX – Emergency Spare Transformer Strategy. September 30, 2014. http://bit.ly/2MGZKW1
2014-08-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Smart Grid System Report. August 2014. http://bit.ly/37XVA51
2014-07-17 Cong S.2620 – Grid Reliability Act of 2014 (113th Congress) July 17, 2014. http://bit.ly/38vszO8
2014-07-10 Cong S. 2588 – The Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2014 (113th Congress) July 10, 2014. http://bit.ly/2PEA8ti
2014-06-20 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (June 20, 2014), pages H5563, et seq. http://bit.ly/2QpURTH
2014-06-17 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Physical Security of the U.S. Power Grid: High-Voltage Transformer Substations , June 17, 2014. http://bit.ly/32WRCWu
2014-06-13 Fed U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Patrick J. Reardon Jr. The Effect of an Electromagnetic Pulse Strike on the Transportation Infrastructure of Kansas City. [EMP] June 13, 2014. http://bit.ly/381JJlo
2014-05-30 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (May 30, 2014), pages H5034, et seq. http://bit.ly/2rTinyn
2014-05-20 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (May 20, 2014), pages H4541, et seq. http://bit.ly/2Okqvzu
2014-05-08 Cong Hearing Serial No. 113-68 Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP): Threat To Critical Infrastructure. Before the House Committee on Homeland Security. (113th Congress) May 8, 2014. http://bit.ly/2qbyneG/a>
2014-05-02 State (FL) [Failed] House Bill HM 1343. Electromagnetic Pulses and Geomagnetic Storms. May 2, 2014. http://bit.ly/37znJOE
2014-04-30 CR Congressional Record Volume 160 (April 30, 2014), pages H3358, et seq. http://bit.ly/3582l1S
2014-04-25 State (AZ) Arizona Revised Statutes 26-305.03. Electromagnetic pulse preparedness recommendations; posting; definition. Senate Bill No. 1476 Enacted April 25, 2014. http://bit.ly/37ugVBO
2014-04-10 Cong S. Hrg. 113-271 “Electric Grid Reliability.” (113th Congress) April 10, 2014. http://bit.ly/2rA99qV
2014-03-26 Cong Grid Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act (GRID) Act. (113th Congress) March 26, 2014. Senate Bill S. 2158 http://bit.ly/2CMCJvrHouse Bill H.R.4298 http://bit.ly/2NVP1aU
2014-03-12 State (GA) [Failed] Senate Resolution 1190. Power Grid Protection; create senate study committee. March 12, 2014. http://bit.ly/2QkX0Q4
2014-02-19 State (VA) [Passed] Senate Joint Resolution 61. Geomagnetic disturbances & electromagnetic pulses; joint commission to study preventing damages. (EMP, GMD) February 19 2014. http://bit.ly/35nKi7B
2014-02-03 State (OK) [Died in Committee] House Bill 2623. An Act relating to state government; requiring contingency planning for electromagnetic pulses; imposing duties on state governmental entities; requiring contingency plan; specifying requirements of contingency plan; providing for codification; and providing an effective date. February 3, 2014. http://bit.ly/2SUBwev
2014-01-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Sandia National Labs presentation “An Overview of Threats to the Power Grid” 2014. http://bit.ly/2EnupmJ
2013-12-12 CR Congressional Record Volume 159 (December 12, 2013), pages H7894, et seq. http://bit.ly/2QpRY5t
2013-12-11 Cong H.R.3696 – National Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure Protection Act of 2014 (113th Congress) http://bit.ly/2P0KEMk
2013-12-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Integrating Electricity Subsector Failure Scenarios into a Risk Assessment Methodology. December 2013. http://bit.ly/36ezMAO
2013-11-21 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Implementation of EO 13636 and PPD-21. 2013. November 21, 2013. http://bit.ly/2r9wkbg
2013-11-21 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Strengthening Regional Resilience. Novermber 21, 2013. http://bit.ly/2tB76Dz
2013-10-31 Cong S. 1638 – the Cybersecurity Public Awareness Act of 2013. (113th Congress) October 31, 2013. http://bit.ly/2seIUpY
2013-10-30 Cong H.R.3410 To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to secure critical infrastructure against electromagnetic pulses (EMP), and for other purposes. (113th Congress) October 30, 2013. [This Act may be cited as the “Critical Infrastructure Protection Act” or “CIPA”] http://bit.ly/37asZJe
2013-10-01 Fed U.S. Army War College. Center for Strategic Leadership and Development. Chrosniak, Kenneth D. & Ayers, Cynthia E. “Terminal Blackout: Critical Electric Infrastructure Vulnerabilities and Civil-Military Resiliency.” October 2013. http://bit.ly/2CQN09Q
2013-08-01 Cong H.R.2962 – The Saving More American Resources Today (SMART) Grid Study Act of 2013. (113th Congress) August 1, 2013. http://bit.ly/2PdHhlA
2013-06-20 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Fischer, Eric A. Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Overview and Discussion of Proposed Revisions. Washington, June 20, 2013. http://bit.ly/2XkbYaU
2013-06-18 Cong H.R.2417 Secure High-voltage Infrastructure for Electricity from Lethal Damage (SHIELD Act), (113th Congress) June 18, 2013. http://bit.ly/37exdja
2013-06-18 CR Congressional Record Volume 159 (June 18, 2013), pages H3758, et seq. http://bit.ly/2Ku1QY6
2013-06-13 CR Congressional Record Volume 159 (June 13, 2013), pages H3382, et seq. http://bit.ly/2qUHO1X
2013-06-10 State (ME) [Became Law] LD131,in the 126th Legislature. “Directing the Public Utilities Commission To Examine Measures To Mitigate the Effects of Geomagnetic Disturbances and Electromagnetic Pulse on the State’s Transmission System.” June 10, 2013. http://bit.ly/2QmgpAf
2013-06-07 Cong House Report 113-102 National Defense Authorization Act. (113th Congress) June 7, 2013. http://bit.ly/35a8sTj
2013-06-05 CR Congressional Record Volume 159 (June 5, 2013), pages H3162, et seq. http://bit.ly/32YUW3D
2013-05-21 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 113-45 Cyber Threats and Security Solutions, Before the US House Committee on Energy and Commerce. (113th Congress) May 21, 2013. http://bit.ly/2NTmlQ5
2013-05-21 Cong Markey, Edward J. and Waxman, Henry A. Electric Grid Vulnerability: Industry Responses Reveal Security Gaps. US House of Representatives. May 21, 2013. http://bit.ly/2K896IU
2013-02-12 Pres Executive Order 13636 – Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity. February 12, 2013. http://bit.ly/37ew8YE
2013-02-12 Pres Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21) – Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience. February 12, 2013. http://bit.ly/2NUr04k
2013-02-12 Pres Executive Order 13636 “Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity.” February 12, 2013. http://bit.ly/2CQAmrj
2013-01-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). National Infrastructure Protection Plan NIPP 2013: Partnering for Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience. http://bit.ly/36XejwQ
2012-12-19 CR Congressional Record Volume 158 (December 19, 2012), pages H7350-7353. http://bit.ly/32Sam9M
2012-12-01 Fed National Intelligence Council. Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds. December 2012. http://bit.ly/2CQpBFG
2012-09-12 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 112-115 “The EMP Threat: Examining the Consequences.” Before the Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies. (112th Congress) September 12, 2012. http://bit.ly/2NT4c4G
2012-08-28 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Weather-Related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency. R42696. August 28, 2012. http://bit.ly/2FfccIt
2012-08-02 Cong H. Res. 762: Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding community-based civil defense and power generation (112th Congress) August 2, 2012. http://bit.ly/37m9mOC
2012-08-02 CR Congressional Record Volume 158 (August 2, 2012), pages H5692, et seq. http://bit.ly/2QrWQa6
2012-07-30 CR Congressional Record Volume 158 (July 30, 2012) Page S5661, et seq. http://bit.ly/32V2BQm
2012-07-19 CR Congressional Record Volume 158 (July 19, 2012) Page S5169, et seq. http://bit.ly/2ptzLJc
2012-07-17 Cong S. Hrg. 112-529 Senate Hearing: Electric Grid Security. Before the U.S. Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (112th Congress) July 17, 2012. http://bit.ly/36A0SCn
2012-07-12 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). CYBERSECURITY – Challenges in Securing the Electricity Grid. July 17, 2012. http://bit.ly/2MC63Kl
2012-07-06 Pres Executive Order 13618: Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Communications Functions. July 6, 2012. http://bit.ly/2T4cs4W
2012-07-04 Fed National Academy of Sciences. Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System. Washington: National Academies Press, 2012. http://bit.ly/353fIQO
2012-06-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Large Power Transformers and The U.S. Electric Grid. June 2012. http://bit.ly/2rzi4IQ
2012-05-17 CR Congressional Record Volume 158 (May 17, 2012) Page H2847, et seq. http://bit.ly/2QpFlY3
2012-04-30 Fed Testimony of Dr. Peter Vincent Pry, Executive Director EMP Task Force On National and Homeland Security, before the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Technical Conference on Geomagnetic Disturbances to the Bulk Power System. April 30, 2012. http://bit.ly/2NSUwXU
2012-04-24 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Cybersecurity: Threats Impacting the Nation. GAO-12-666T. April 24, 2012. http://bit.ly/2QvHDTJ
2012-03-16 Pres Executive Order 13603: National Defense Resources Preparedness. March 16, 2012. http://bit.ly/2N4x5Kp
2012-02-27 Fed The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) Subcommitteeon Non-Atomic Military Research And Development. TTCP WPN Action Group 25 Novel Weapons Technologies. [EMP] February 27, 2012. http://bit.ly/2Nhh9oo
2012-02-18 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Cybersecurity: Challenges in Securing the Modernized Electricity Grid. February 28, 2012. http://bit.ly/2F0DAtB
2012-02-16 Cong Senate Hearing: S.Hrg. 112-524 Securing America’s Future: The Cybersecurity Act of 2012. (112th Congress) http://bit.ly/36f90rB Transcript: http://bit.ly/2E1Yjwm
2012-02-14 Cong S.2105 – Cybersecurity Act of 2012. (112th Congress). http://bit.ly/346BLoO
2012-02-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) Smart Grid System Report 2010. February 2012. http://bit.ly/35RZgU3
2012-01-10 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Intelligence Information Sharing Report. January 10, 2012. http://bit.ly/2SdPrfE
2011-12-09 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity Guidance Is Available, but More Can Be Done to Promote Its Use. GAO-12-92. December 9, 2011. http://bit.ly/2SBjE8o
2011-11-11 CR Congressional Record Volume 157 (November 11, 2011) Page S7998, et seq. http://bit.ly/2qYAfrb
2011-11-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid. November 2011. http://bit.ly/36bSGs8
2011-10-13 Cong Update On Kc-46a and Legacy Aerial Refueling Aircraft Programs, Before the US House, Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces of the Committee on Armed Services, 112th Congress (October 13, 2011). http://bit.ly/2Xk1dpa
2011-08-05 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Letter from Dr. William R. Graham, Chairman, to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. August 5, 2011. http://bit.ly/2QqaVVG
2011-07-26 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Cybersecurity: Continued Attention Needed to Protect Our Nation’s Critical Infrastructure. GAO-11-865T. Jul 26, 2011. http://bit.ly/2F2oYtv
2011-07-11 Cong Senate Report 112-34 Grid Cyber Security Act. (112th Congress) July 11, 2011. http://bit.ly/378xXGl
2011-07-11 Cong S.1342 – Grid Cyber Security Act (112th Congress) July 11, 2011. http://bit.ly/2NSZh3N
2011-07-05 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). An Introduction to Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP). July 5, 2011. http://bit.ly/2sJIbOa
2011-06-24 Cong H.R.2348 – EMP Weapons Accountability Assessment Act (112th Congress) June 24, 2011. http://bit.ly/2KqgvmT
2011-06-24 CR Congressional Record Volume 157 (June 24, 2011) Page H4573, et seq. http://bit.ly/358hUqb
2011-05-31 Cong House Hearing Serial No. 112-52 Protecting the Electric Grid: H.R. – – – – , The Grid Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act, Before the US House, Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, (112th Congress) May 31, 2011. http://bit.ly/2puAaes
2011-05-05 Cong S. HRG. 112-40 Cyber Security, Before the US Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, (112th Congress) May 5, 2011. http://bit.ly/33Pq5HP
2011-05-01 Fed U.S. Army War College. Cogan, Kevin. In The Dark: Military Planning for a Catastrophic Critical Infrastructure Event. CSL Study 2-11 (May 2011). http://bit.ly/379q97k
2011-05-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). “Geomagnetic Storms: An Evaluation of Risks and Risk Assessments.” May 2011. http://bit.ly/32Tj8nR
2011-03-30 Pres Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD-8) – National Preparedness. March 30, 2011. http://bit.ly/2Qn5FlD
2011-03-24 Fed U.S. Army War College. Oreskovic, Robert S. (Colonel). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) – A Catastrophic Threat to the Homeland. March, 24, 2011. http://bit.ly/33U5VMF
2011-03-16 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Cybersecurity: Continued Attention Needed to Protect Our Nation’s Critical Infrastructure and Federal Information Systems. GAO-11-463T. March 16, 2011. http://bit.ly/2QqOWfK
2011-02-11 Cong H.R.668 Secure High-voltage Infrastructure for Electricity from Lethal Damage Act; SHIELD Act. (112th Congress) February 11, 2011. http://bit.ly/2CNHGUv
2011-02-11 CR Congressional Record Volume 157 (February 11, 2011) Page H7223, et seq. http://bit.ly/32Pd5Ax
2011-02-08 Fed Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Technical Conference: “Risks to the Reliability of the Bulk-Power System.” February 8, 2011. http://bit.ly/2qVCj3c
2011-01-12 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Electricity Grid Modernization: Progress Being Made on Cybersecurity Guidelines, but Key Challenges Remain to be Addressed. January 12, 2011. http://bit.ly/37cpMbg
2011-01-01 Fed Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). “Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s Monitoring of Power Grid Cyber Security” January 2011. http://bit.ly/32E6Nns
2010-12-01 Cong H.R.6471 – EMP Weapons Accountability Assessment Act (111th Congress) December 1, 2010. http://bit.ly/2XpCDDh
2010-12-01 CR Congressional Record Volume 156 (December 1, 2010) Page H7854, et seq. http://bit.ly/33U1y4d
2010-11-30 CR Congressional Record Volume 156 (November 30, 2010), pages H7743-7749. http://bit.ly/2OhrErC
2010-10-19 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). “A Framework for Establishing Critical Infrastructure Resilience Goals.” October 19, 2010. http://bit.ly/38UNjPI
2010-10-19 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Optimization of Resources for Mitigating Infrastructure Disruptions. October 19, 2010. http://bit.ly/2Q4SDY3
2010-09-27 Cong Senate Report 111-331 Grid Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act. (111th Congress) Sept. 27, 2010. http://bit.ly/2OfRb4i
2010-08-04 Cong S. Hrg. 111-884 “Government Preparedness and Response to a Terrorist Attack Using Weapons of Mass Destruction.” US Senate, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, (111th Congress) August 4, 2010. http://bit.ly/2RQo238
2010-08-01 Fed Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Collateral Damage to Satellites from an EMP Attack. DTRA-IR-10-22. August 2010. http://bit.ly/2R78QwB
2010-07-20 CR Congressional Record Volume 156 (July 20, 2010), pages H5760-5775. http://bit.ly/32QoJuX
2010-06-09 CR Congressional Record Vol. 156, No. 86. Pages H4256 – H4262. http://bit.ly/2RxLoKO
2010-06-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE) & NERC. High-Impact, Low-Frequency Event Risk to the North American Bulk Power System. June 2010. http://bit.ly/2O3Tlns
2010-06-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Report of the Joint Defense Science Board / Threat Reduction Advisory Committee Task Force on The Nuclear Weapons Effects National Enterprise. June 2010. http://bit.ly/2tOMVCi [Large file – takes a few minutes to load]
2010-05-25 Cong House Report 111-493 Grid Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act (H.R.5026). (111th Congress) May 25, 2010. http://bit.ly/32Wk5M6
2010-04-14 Cong H.R.5026 – “Grid Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act” or the “GRID Act.” (111th Congress). http://bit.ly/2LATTkt
2010-03-25 CR Congressional Record Volume 156 (March 25, 2010), pages H2446-2449. http://bit.ly/32Xa2pX
2010-03-15 Cong H.R.4842 – Homeland Security Science and Technology Authorization Act of 2010. (111th Congress) March 15, 2010. http://bit.ly/2PPeBOB
2010-03-05 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Update to National Infrastructure Protection Plan Includes Increased Emphasis on Risk Management and Resilience. GAO-10-296. March 5, 2010. http://bit.ly/2Zzg6oU
2010-02-23 Fed Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Managing Critical Disasters in the Transatlantic Domain – The Case of a Geomagnetic Storm. GMD. February 23-24, 2010. http://bit.ly/32V62Gw
2010-02-12 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Assessment and Mitigation of Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Impacts at Short-pulse Laser Facilities. LLNL-PROC-423607. February 12, 2010. http://bit.ly/37A3RLr
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Geomagnetic Storms and Their Impacts on the U.S. Power Grid (Metatech Meta-R-319) (GMD). Oak Ridge, TN: January, 2010. http://bit.ly/2Xv6CKl
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP): Effects on the US Power Grid (Metatech Meta-R-320). Oak Ridge, TN: January, 2010. http://bit.ly/2KtZPLl Executive Summary. http://bit.ly/2KsydGA
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The Late-Time (E3) High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and Its Impact on the U.S. Power Grid (Metatech Meta-R-321). January 2010. http://bit.ly/2r2XGiN
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Low-Frequency Protection Concepts for the Electric Power Grid: Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) (GMD) and E3 HEMP Mitigation (Metatech Meta-R-322). January 2010. http://bit.ly/2KIsX1R
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Intentional Electromagnetic Interference (IEMI) [EMP] and Its Impact on the U.S. Power Grid (Metatech Meta-R-323). January 2010. http://bit.ly/376nxqV
2010-01-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). High-Frequency Protection Concepts for the Electric Power Grid (Metatech Meta-R-324) [EMP]. January 2010. http://bit.ly/2qaGvvZ
2010-01-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Department of Energy (DOE). National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) Energy Sector-Specific Plan from 2010. http://bit.ly/2SH6hnd
2009-12-01 Fed Department of Homeland Security (DHS). National Infrastructure Protection Plan: Partnering to Enhance Protection and Resiliency. February 2009. http://bit.ly/2tBrMLK
2009-11-18 Cong House Hearing 111-108 “Resourcing the National Defense Strategy: Implications of Long Term Defense Budget Trends.” Before the US House, Committee on Armed Services, (111th Congress) November 18, 2009. http://bit.ly/375gBtY
2009-10-27 Cong Hearing Serial No. 111-77 Protecting the Electric Grid: H.R.2165, The “Bulk Power System Protection Act of 2009,” and H.R. 2195, Before the US House, Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. (111th Congress) October 27, 2009. http://bit.ly/376lKCd
2009-10-23 Fed Naval War College. Fletcher, Douglas W. The Threat of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulses (EMP): Why it Should be Keeping Combatant Commanders Up at Night. October 23, 2009. http://bit.ly/2XmGIrY
2009-10-23 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Defense Critical Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Improve the Identification and Management of Electrical Power Risks and Vulnerabilities to DOD Critical Assets GAO-10-147. October 23, 2009. http://bit.ly/2u0vOxw
2009-10-15 Cong H.R.3832 – Peace Through Strength Act of 2009 (111th Congress) October 15, 2009. http://bit.ly/2QsHnXo
2009-09-08 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Critical Infrastructure Resilience Final Report and Recommendations. September 8, 2009. http://bit.ly/2S9ncyB
2009-07-21 Cong Hearing Serial No. 111-30 Securing the Modern Electric Grid from Physical and Cyber Attacks, Before the US House, Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology of the Committee on Homeland Security, (111th Congress) July 21, 2009. http://bit.ly/2CS026R
2009-07-15 Cong House Hearing Serial Number No. 111-79 “Addressing a New Generation of Threats from Weapons of Mass Destruction: Department of Energy Nonproliferation Programs and the Department Of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Program.” Before the House Committee on Armed Services. (111th Congress) July 15, 2009. http://bit.ly/2rR735P
2009-07-14 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Framework for Dealing with Disasters and Related Interdependencies. July 14, 2009. http://bit.ly/2EEhD3c
2009-07-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Smart Grid System Report (Annex A & B). July 2009. http://bit.ly/37UVf37
2009-07-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Smart Grid System Report July 2009. http://bit.ly/2YdpQV8
2009-04-30 Cong S.946 – Critical Electric Infrastructure Protection Act of 2009. (111th Congress). http://bit.ly/2YtyDCh
2009-04-30 Cong H.R.2195 – To amend the Federal Power Act to provide additional authorities to adequately protect the critical electric infrastructure against cyber attack, and for other purposes. (111th Congress). http://bit.ly/2Yvk1Ta
2009-04-29 Cong H.R.2165 – Bulk Power System Protection Act of 2009. (111th Congress). http://bit.ly/2t00ezz
2009-04-29 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). “Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems – Current Cyber Security Issues .” http://bit.ly/2LastBJ
2009-01-01 Fed Perry, William J., Chairman. America’s Strategic Posture. The Final Report of the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States. Washington, 2009. http://bit.ly/2KqRIPW
2008-10-14 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Critical Infrastructure Partnership Strategic Assessment. October 14, 2008. http://bit.ly/36TqKsN
2008-09-16 Cong Defeating the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and Other Asymmetric Threats: Today’s Efforts and Tomorrow’s Requirements, Before the US House, Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services, (110th Congress) September 16, 2008. http://bit.ly/32UAHE7
2008-07-21 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Wilson, Clay. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments. Washington: July 21, 2008. http://bit.ly/33TSE71
2008-07-10 Cong Threat Posed by Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack, Before the US House, Committee on Armed Services, 110th Congress (July 10, 2008). http://bit.ly/2qXzYEU
2008-07-10 CR Congressional Record Volume 154 (July 10, 2008), pages H6393-6399. http://bit.ly/2CRvQJ4
2008-07-10 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Testimony of Dr. William R. Graham before the House Armed Services Committee. (July 10, 2008) http://bit.ly/2NSJ0vE
2008-05-21 Cong Implications of Cyber Vulnerabilities on the Resilience and Security of the Electric Grid. Before the Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology. (110th Congress) May 21, 2008. http://bit.ly/32S7TvX
2008-05-21 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Information Security: TVA Needs to Address Weaknesses in Control Systems and Networks. GAO-08-526. May 21, 2008. http://bit.ly/39lGlDB
2008-04-08 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). The Insider Threat to Critical Infrastructures. April 8, 2008. http://bit.ly/2PJoXkp
2008-04-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). Fighting a Nuclear-Armed Regional Opponent: Is Victory Possible? [EMP] April 2008. http://bit.ly/36LKrmQ
2008-02-01 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Transmission Lines: Issues Associated with High-Voltage Direct-Current Transmission Lines along Transportation Rights of Way. GAO-08-347R. February 1, 2008. http://bit.ly/2t8EmSD
2008-01-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Critical National Infrastructures.” (2008). http://bit.ly/2CR7m2M
2008-01-01 Fed National Academy of Sciences. Severe Space Weather Events – Understanding Societal and Economic Impacts. Washington: National Academies Press, 2008. http://bit.ly/37enqJE
2007-12-19 Law Public Law 110-140 – Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. http://bit.ly/35QCUSE
2007-12-10 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) MIL-STD-461F Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference Characteristics of Subsystems and Equipment. [EMP] 10 December 2007. http://bit.ly/2TqfiSf
2007-12-03 Pres Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8 Annex 1. December 3, 2007. http://bit.ly/2rZPlNM
2007-10-17 Cong The Cyber Threat to Control Systems: Stronger Regulations Are Necessary To Secure the Electric Grid. Before the Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology. (110th Congress) October 17, 2007. http://bit.ly/2qk3Dbk
2007-10-17 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Testimony: Critical Infrastructure Protection: Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain. GAO-08-119T. October 17, 2007. http://bit.ly/2Sybmhw
2007-09-10 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain GAO-07-1036. September 10, 2007. http://bit.ly/2SCbe0K
2007-05-09 Pres Homeland Security Presidential Directive 20: National Continuity Policy. May 9, 2007. http://bit.ly/3017FTo
2007-01-16 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technologies and Related Security Management Challenges. January 16, 2007. http://bit.ly/2rcldOS
2007-01-04 Cong H.R.61 – To amend the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 to extend the deadline for the submission of the final report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack, to provide for the appointment of additional members for the Commission, to ensure the availability of funds for the Commission, and for other purposes (110th Congress) January 4, 2007. http://bit.ly/32PIJhn
2006-10-16 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Progress Coordinating Government and Private Sector Efforts Varies by Sectors’ Characteristics. GAO-07-39. October 16, 2006. http://bit.ly/2MEOauh
2006-09-07 CR Congressional Record Volume 152 (September 7, 2006), pages H6352-6357. http://bit.ly/2q8oQ89
2006-07-11 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Public Private Sector Intelligence Coordination. July 11, 2006. http://bit.ly/34JcXDC
2005-12-01 Fed Depatment of Energy (DOE). Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Nuclear Regulatory Commission. “Reevaluation of Station Blackout Risk at Nuclear Power Plants .” December 2005. http://bit.ly/2NTI8as
2005-11-01 Fed Army Research Laboratory (ARL). Feasibility Studies of New High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse Test Materials. ARL-TR-3677 [EMP] November 2005. http://bit.ly/35I0f8J
2005-10-11 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Risk Management Approaches to Protection. October 11, 2005. http://bit.ly/35KN5sC
2005-10-11 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Sector Partnership Model Implementation. October 11, 2005. http://bit.ly/2ZdMH3o
2005-09-15 Cong Cyber Security: US Vulnerability and Preparedness, Before the US House, Committee on Science, (109th Congress) September 15, 2005. http://bit.ly/2NSSjvB
2005-08-08 Law Public Law 109-58: Energy Policy Act of 2005. August. 8, 2005. [Note: Sec. 1211. Electric reliability standards.] http://bit.ly/32O4azq
2005-08-08 Law 16 U.S.C. § 824o – Electric reliability http://bit.ly/2XjTojg
2005-08-08 Reg 18 C.F.R. §39: Rules Concerning Certification of The Electric Reliability Organization; And Procedures for the Establishment, Approval, and Enforcement of Electric Reliability Standards. http://bit.ly/2QqAtlC
2005-08-01 Fed Naval Surface Warfare Center. Department of Defense (DoD). Directed Energy Technology Office (DETO). Technical Support Working Group (TSWG) Infrastructure Subgroup. The Threat Of Radio Frequency Weapons To Critical Infrastructure Facilities. [EMP] August 2005. http://bit.ly/2QMuJSX
2005-06-21 CR Congressional Record Volume 151 (June 21, 2005), pages H4888-4894. http://bit.ly/2QAClbB
2005-06-09 CR Congressional Record Volume 151 (June 9, 2005), pages H4340-4345. http://bit.ly/2XjwHvL
2005-04-07 Fed Baker, George H. U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). MIL-STD-188-125-1, High-Altitude EMP Protection for Fixed Ground-Based Facilities. April 7, 2005. http://bit.ly/2qXtHsQ
2005-04-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Weapon Effects Test, Evaluation, and Simulation. April 2005. http://bit.ly/36KNmMr
2005-03-08 Cong Terrorism and the EMP Threat to Homeland Security, Before the US Senate, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, (109th Congress) March 8, 2005. http://bit.ly/2Qri9c6
2005-02-17 Cong S.426 – Electric Reliability Security Act of 2005. (109th Congress) February 17, 2005. http://bit.ly/2MNtPDk
2004-11-30 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Homeland Security: Further Actions Needed to Coordinate Federal Agencies’ Facility Protection Efforts and Promote Key Practices. GAO-05-49. November 30, 2004. http://bit.ly/2Q8o3hm
2004-10-20 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Government Activities to Protect the Electric Grid. RS21958. October 20, 2004. http://bit.ly/2MQ5FI4
2004-10-12 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Hardening the Internet. October 12, 2004. http://bit.ly/2rbQEZC
2004-10-12 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Prioritizing Cyber Vulnerabilities. October 12, 2004. http://bit.ly/2MdnHUq
2004-08-20 Fed Congressional Research Service (CRS). Wilson, Clay. High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments. August 20, 2004. http://bit.ly/36z8qpl
2004-07-22 Cong The Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the U.S. from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack, Before the US House Committee On Armed Services, (108th Congress) July 22, 2004. http://bit.ly/2KuCjhg or http://bit.ly/2NSq14l
2004-07-13 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Evaluation and Enhancement of Information Sharing and Analysis. July 13, 2004. http://bit.ly/2SaMk88
2004-05-03 Fed U.S. Army War College. Riddle, Thomas C. Lieutenant Colonel. Nuclear High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse – Implications for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense. May 3, 2004. http://bit.ly/2sj6PVI
2004-03-30 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Challenges and Efforts to Secure Control Systems. GAO-04-628T. March 30, 2004. http://bit.ly/2tg9T4M
2004-03-15 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Challenges and Efforts to Secure Control Systems. GAO-04-354. March 15, 2004. http://bit.ly/358mynG
2004-01-13 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Cross Sector Interdependencies and Risk Assessment Guidance. January 13, 2004. http://bit.ly/375uBmX
2004-01-13 Fed President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC). Vulnerability Disclosure Framework. January 13, 2004. http://bit.ly/2PH1fVN
2004-01-01 EMP Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. “Executive Report.” (2004). http://bit.ly/35bhjUC
2004-01-01 Fed NASA Langley Research Center. (M. Namkung, et al.) Characteristics of Electromagnetic Pulse Propagation In Metal. 2004. https://go.nasa.gov/37zpOdz
2004-01-01 Fed National Defense University. Information Assurance. Trends in Vulnerabilities, Threats, and Technologies. [EMP] 2004. http://bit.ly/3a1Kg8N
2003-12-17 Pres Presidential Directive HSPD-7 – Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization and Protection. December 17, 2003. http://bit.ly/37g6HGe
2003-12-08 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Posthearing Questions from the September 17, 2003, Hearing on “Implications of Power Blackouts for the Nation’s Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure Protection: The Electric Grid, Critical Interdependencies, Vulnerabilities, and Readiness.” December 8, 2003. http://bit.ly/2u27MSP
2003-10-30 Cong What Is Space Weather and Who Should Forecast It? Before the US House, Subcommittee on Environment, Technology, and Standards, Committee on Science, (108th Congress) October 30, 2003. http://bit.ly/2Qqpdpl
2003-10-01 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Challenges in Securing Control Systems. GAO-04-140T. October 1, 2003. http://bit.ly/37k29O0
2003-09-23 Cong Keeping The Lights On: Removing Barriers To Technology To Prevent Blackouts. Before the Committee on Energy. (108th Congress) September 25, 2003. http://bit.ly/2qk0R5U
2003-09-10 Cong Keeping The Lights On: The Federal Role In Managing The Nation’s Electricity. Before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce and the District of Columbia Subcommittee. (108th Congress) September 10, 2003. http://bit.ly/357GCHh
2003-09-04 Cong Implications of Power Blackouts For The Nation’s Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure Protection, Before the US House, Joint Hearing of the Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Science, and Research and Development, and the Subcommittee on Infrastructure and Border Security of the Select Committee On Homeland Security, (108th Congress) September 4 & 23, 2003. http://bit.ly/2qV9La3
2003-09-03 Cong Blackout 2003: How Did It Happen And Why? Before the Committee on Energy and Commerce. (108th Congress) September 3, 2003. http://bit.ly/2qXsgKY
2003-02-28 Fed Government Accountability Office (GAO). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Challenges for Selected Agencies and Industry Sectors. GAO-03-233, February 28, 2003. http://bit.ly/32Urn35
2003-02-28 Pres Executive Order 13286 – Amendment of Executive Orders, and Other Actions, in Connection With the Transfer of Certain Functions to the Secretary of Homeland Security. February 28, 2003. http://bit.ly/2pokA3Q
2002-11-25 Law Public Law 107-296: Homeland Security Act of 2002. November 25, 2002. [See Title II: Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection] http://bit.ly/2KuCJEB
2002-07-15 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). “Critical Infrastructure Protection” Report to the Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. July 15, 2002. http://bit.ly/2OwdVgL
2002-07-09 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). “Critical Infrastructure Protection” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives. July 9, 2002. http://bit.ly/2XkzPaB
2001-10-26 Law Public Law 107-56: Uniting And Strengthening America By Providing Appropriate Tools Required To Intercept And Obstruct Terrorism (USA Patriot Act) Act of 2001. October 26, 2001. [See Section 1016: “Critical Infrastructures Protection Act of 2001”] http://bit.ly/2OmQ8Q0
2001-10-26 Law 42 U.S.C. § 5195C – Critical Infrastructures Protection Act of 2001 http://bit.ly/2qjzPvp
2001-10-26 Law 6 U.S.C. § 321 – The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center http://bit.ly/2qXpeGA
2001-10-16 Pres Executive Order 13231 – Critical Infrastructure Protection in the Information Age. October 16, 2001. http://bit.ly/2CRRwVI
2001-09-05 Cong S.1407 Critical Infrastructures Protection Act of 2001. (107th Congress). http://bit.ly/342xK51
2001-07-25 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). “Critical Infrastructure Protection” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology, Terrorism and Government Information, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate. July 25, 2001. http://bit.ly/2CS0a6k
2000-10-30 Law Public Law 106-398: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001. October 30, 2000. [ Note: Title XIV established the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack.] http://bit.ly/2KqMXWm
2000-08-30 Fed Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Memo: Evidence of Russian Development of New Subkiloton Nuclear Warheads. [EMP] August 30, 2000. http://bit.ly/37yZiko
2000-02-08 Fed Naval War College. Major Steven Buckley, USMC. Streetfighter, Theater Missile Defense, and Space Blockade, A Marriage Made for the Heavens. [EMP]. 8 February 2000. http://bit.ly/3a7F9UX
1999-07-14 Pres Executive Order 13130: National Infrastructure Assurance Council, July 14, 1999. http://bit.ly/2utODJF
1999-06-01 Cong Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP): Should This Be a Problem of National Concern to Private Enterprise, Businesses Small and Large, As Well As Government? Before the US House, Subcommittee on Government Programs and Oversight of the Committee on Small Business, (106th Congress) June 1, 1999. http://bit.ly/37eCFlS
1999-04-06 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Electric Power Industry. AIMD-99-114. April 6, 1999. http://bit.ly/37lNhi2
1999-03-03 Fed Baker, George H. Department of Defense (DoD). MIL-STD-188-125-2, High-Altitude EMP Protection for Transportable Systems. March 3, 1999. http://bit.ly/2CPL69t
1998-05-22 Pres Presidential Decision Directive 63 – Critical Infrastructure Protection. May 22, 1998. http://bit.ly/33SsGk9
1998-05-22 Pres Presidential Decision Directive 62: Protection Against Unconventional Threats to the Homeland and Americans Overseas. May 22, 1998. http://bit.ly/39O9QOu
1998-03-10 Pres Executive Order 13077: Further Amendment to Executive Order 13010, Critical Infrastructure Protection. March 10, 1998. http://bit.ly/2ZYm4Qa
1997-10-11 Pres Executive Order 13064 – Further Amendment to Executive Order 13010, as Amended, Critical Infrastructure Protection. October 11, 1997. http://bit.ly/2KtFcin
1997-10-01 Fed The Report of the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection. “Critical Foundations: Protecting America’s Infrastructures.” October 1997. (“The Marsh Commission Report.”) http://bit.ly/2QqbWwJ
1997-07-16 Cong Threat Posed By Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) to US Military Systems and Civil Infrastructure, Before US House Subcommittee on Military Research and Development of the Committee on National Security, (105th Congress) July 16, 1997. http://bit.ly/379LVry
1997-04-03 Pres Executive Order 13041: Further Amendment to Executive Order 13010. April 3, 1997. http://bit.ly/2sNEQ0G
1996-11-11 Pres Executive Order 13025: Amendment to Executive Order 13010, the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection. November 11, 1996. http://bit.ly/301Z9mV
1996-09-01 Fed Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). SLG 101: Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning. (Tab 2 to Attachment F Nuclear Conflict.) EMP. September 1996. http://bit.ly/37wuuRj
1996-07-15 Pres Executive Order 13010. “Critical Infrastructure Protection.” July 15, 1996. http://bit.ly/2D1e1Yp
1994-12-01 Foreign Defence Research Establishment Ottawa (Canada). Design and Testing Considerations for Hardening a Frigate Against EMP Threat. Report No. 1254. December 1994. http://bit.ly/35GIneA
1994-03-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). EMP from a Chemical Explosion Originating in a Tunnel. March 1994. http://bit.ly/35kO8hF
1993-04-19 Cong S. Hrg. 103-86 Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. “Lessons Learned from Hurricane Andrew.” (103rd Congress) April 19, 1993. http://bit.ly/36cuVjn
1993-01-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory “Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Research on Electric Power Systems.” Janaury 1993. http://bit.ly/2Qrhes4
1992-04-20 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). Electricity Supply: Efforts Under Way to Improve Federal Electrical Disruption Preparedness. RCED-92-125. April 20, 1992. http://bit.ly/2tgcprL
1992-03-01 Fed McGrath, Steven J. Naval Postgraduate School. The Electromagnetic Pulse Environment and Its Influence on Tactical Electronic and Communications Equipment. AD-A246-754. March 1992. http://bit.ly/2QH37hY
1992-02-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Magnetohydrodynamic Electromagnetic Pulse (MHD-EMP) Interaction with Power Systems. February 1992. http://bit.ly/2QBZDvS
1991-10-01 Fed U.S. Air Force Phillips Laboratory. The major magnetic storm of March 13-14, 1989 and associated ionosphere effects. (GMD) October 1, 1991. http://bit.ly/2u9XCPX
1991-09-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). “Electric Utility Experience Industry with Geomagnetic Disturbances.” (GMD) September 1991. http://bit.ly/2CRNE6Q
1991-05-01 Foreign Defence Research Establishment Ottawa (Canada). Analysis of EMP Response of Structures Using Frequency Domain Electromagnetic Interaction Codes. May 1991. http://bit.ly/2QHKRVC
1991-04-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). “Impacts of a Nominal Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) on Electric Power Systems: Phase III Final Report.” April 1991. http://bit.ly/2qWbpbk
1991-01-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). “HEMP Emergency Planning and Operating Procedures for Electric Power Systems.” January 1991. http://bit.ly/2CKkTcw
1987-12-29 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Military Handbook Grounding, Bonding, And Shielding for Electronic Equipments and Facilities. Volume I of 2 Volumes. Basic Theory. MIL-HDBK-419A. AD-A239 565. 29 December 1987. http://bit.ly/35Nm9HL
1987-12-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Military Handbook Grounding, Bonding, And Shielding for Electronic Equipments and Facilities. Volume II of 2 Volumes. Applications. MIL-HDBK-419A. December 1987. http://bit.ly/30dyrIc
1987-06-01 Fed Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Attack Environment Manual – Chapter 4 (EMP). June 1987. http://bit.ly/2QqIJSp
1987-02-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A Nominal Set of High-Altitude EMP Environments. February 1987. http://bit.ly/2NgqoVS
1986-04-25 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA). Source Region Electromagnetic Effects Phenomena. Volume V-Analytic Solutions for SREMP Environments. AD-A195-074. [EMP] 25 April 1986. http://bit.ly/2FEbhRS
1986-03-14 Fed Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Study to Assess the Effects of High-Altitude Electromagneticic Pulse (EMP) on Electric Power Systems. Phase I Final Report. March 14, 1986. http://bit.ly/2FbJvvF
1984-03-01 Fed USAF Air Force Institute of Technology. Randy J. Lavigne. A Parametric Study of High Altitude Nuclear EMP Fields. AD-A144 797. March 1984. http://bit.ly/2FMwcSF
1983-02-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Sandia National Laboratories. “Interaction of Electromagnetic Pulse [EMP] with Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Systems.” February 1983. http://bit.ly/2Oc1FSi
1983-02-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA). Operation Dominic I – 1962. United States Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Tests. Nuclear Test Personnel Review. AD-A136820. [Starfish Prime, EMP] 1 February 1983. http://bit.ly/2Ng3pu0
1982-03-01 Fed Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Calculation of Radiated Signals from High-Altitude Nuclear Detonations by Use of a Three-Dimensional Distribution of Compton Electrons. N-1845-ARPA. March 1982. http://bit.ly/35IGzS7
1981-05-12 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). Federal Electrical Emergency Preparedness Is Inadequate. EMD-81-50. May 12, 1981. http://bit.ly/354ZN4i
1980-11-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on EMP Hardening of Aircraft. November 1980. http://bit.ly/35KOFJS
1980-09-01 Fed Army Materiel Devlopment and Readiness Command. A Near-Surface Burst EMP Driver Package for Neutron-Induced Sources. [EMP] AD-A091-908. September 1980. http://bit.ly/2NiHv9p
1979-09-01 Fed Naval Regional Procurement Office. Numerical Electromagnetic Code (NEC) – Basic Scattering Code. AD-A097416 [EMP] September 1979. http://bit.ly/2QP89Jv
1979-04-18 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). DoD Shuttle Flight Control Capability. [EMP] April 18, 1979. http://bit.ly/39VlRlv
1979-02-01 Fed Air Force Weapons Laboratory (AFWL). Field Excitation of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Final Report. AFWL-TR-78-185. AD-A077411. [EMP] February 1979. http://bit.ly/2Ng9u9O
1978-04-01 Fed Report of the USAF Scientific Advisory Board Weapons Panel on the Effects of a Comprehensive Test Ban. [EMP] April 1978. http://bit.ly/2FSKqSp
1978-03-01 Fed Department of Energy (DOE). Feasibility of Isolating Vulnerable Equipmment of the Electric Power System from Sources of EMP. (DCPA) March 1978. http://bit.ly/2CRgVyQ
1978-01-01 Fed Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) Dolan P.J. Capabilities of Nuclear Weapons. Part 2. Damage Criteria. Change 1. Chapter 7. Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Phenomena. NNA EM?1 Report DTIC ADA955391. 1978. http://bit.ly/2FHcOXh
1977-08-10 Cong Hearing Joint Committee on Defense Production “Emergency Preparedness in the Electric Power Industry and the Implications of the 1977 New York City Blackout for Emergency Preparedness.” (95th Congress) August 10 & 11, 1977. http://bit.ly/37tvmX7
1977-08-08 Fed General Accounting Office (GAO). Civil Defense: Are Federal, State, And Local Governments Prepared For Nuclear Attack? LCD-76464. August 8, 1977. http://bit.ly/36klnD3
1977-01-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD), Department of Energy (DOE). The Effects of Nuclear Weapons (Third Edition). [EMP] 1977. http://bit.ly/2FJYLAs
1976-03-01 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Prepared by Air Force Weapons Laboratory (AFWL). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Analysis of Small Power Systems. AFWL-TR-75-1 81. March 1976. http://bit.ly/2QiqNcn
1975-11-01 Fed Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) Self-Consistency and Radiation Enhanced Ground Conductivity in the Surface Burst Code SCX. AD-A022 260. [EMP] AFWL-TR-74-338. November 1975. http://bit.ly/36LcuCV
1975-07-01 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Vulnerability of Regional and Local Electric Power Systems– Nuclear Weapons Effects and Civil Defense Actions. http://bit.ly/2QogiVj
1975-05-21 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Civil Preparedness. http://bit.ly/2XooaI0
1975-03-01 Fed USAF Air Force Institute of Technology. Louis W. Seiler, Jr. A Calculational Model for High-Altitude EMP. AD-A009 208. March 1975. http://bit.ly/30eaVuw
1974-06-01 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Radiological Defense Textbook, June 1974. http://bit.ly/2KwfXvV
1974-06-01 Fed Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA). Electromagnetic Pulse Environment Studies, Volume I. Two-Dimensional Ground-Burst Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Calculational Methods. June 1974. http://bit.ly/39X2qJ2
1974-03-01 Fed Air Force Weapons Laboratory. Air Force Institute of Technology. Lillis, J. R. Theory of the High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse. [EMP] AD777846. March 1974. http://bit.ly/39WKjmx
1974-01-01 Fed Air Force Institute of Technology. Air Force Weapons Laboratory. Terry C. Chapman, Captain, USAF. A Computer Code for High Altitude EMP. AD777841. January 1974. http://bit.ly/3a1SM7V
1973-09-25 Fed Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA). Improvements in The Treatment of Compton Current and Air Conductivity in EMP Problems. AD-769 914. 25 September 1973. http://bit.ly/30cm0MK
1973-06-01 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Attack Environment Manual – Chapter 4 (EMP) http://bit.ly/2CSGteW
1973-03-01 Fed Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA). Early Time Air Fireball Model for a Near-Surface Burst. AD-758 430. March 1973. http://bit.ly/2QK4hJK
1972-12-01 Fed Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). ORNL-4836. Effects of Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) on a Power System. December 1972. http://bit.ly/39QXtRP
1971-05-27 Fed Department of Defense (DoD) Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering. Defense Science Board Task Force on Vulnerability Review of the Poseidon Program. [EMP] 27 May 1971. http://bit.ly/2QJtjZ8
1968-03-01 Fed U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards. Electromagnetic Pulse Signal Classification and Identification of Nearby Sferics in the High-Altitude Nuclear Detection Studies (Hands) Program. [EMP] AD390054. March 1968. http://bit.ly/37PBjh8
1964-05-01 Fed U.S. Air Force (USAF) A Review of Nuclear Explosion Phenomena Pertinent to Protective Construction. AD-A601 139 [EMP] May 1964. http://bit.ly/2FElC0f
1963-12-30 Fed US Army Nuclear Research Laboratory. Operation Dominic, Fish Bowl Series Project Officers Report – Project 2.1 External Neutron Flux Measurements. AD-A995 304. [EMP, Starfish Prime] 30 December 1963. http://bit.ly/30gesbL
1963-04-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). Operation DOMINIC Radiological Safety Report. [EMP, Starfish Prime]. 1 April 1963. http://bit.ly/2FJsZU0
1962-08-01 Fed Department of Defense (DoD). A “Quick Look” at the Technical Results of Starfish Prime. AD-A955 411. [EMP] August 1962. http://bit.ly/30dzQys

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